02OCT12 Questionnaire Beta Updates

This questionnaire is designed to gather information about past and current transportation situation on campus. Please offer some help to improve our campus roadway system and by this mean make our campus a safer, more efficient and attracting community. Your answer and comments will be very important and helpful.

Collected information will include participants’ daily travel means, daily travel routes, whether if the participants are with disabilities and on-campus traffic accidents involving / witness experiences.

No identifiable information will be collected from the participants.

By completing and returning the questionnaire below, you agree that you are at least 18 years of age and agree that the information collected from you by this survey will be used for thesis design purpose. Any information involving your identifiable privacy will NOT be published.

You may skip any questions you feel not comfortable to answer, but please keep a minimum completion ratio of 80% to ensure its effectiveness.

This questionnaire will take about 7 – 10 minutes to complete.

Are you an:

⃝ Undergraduate

⃝ Graduate Student

⃝ Faculty

⃝ Staff

⃝ Other

Please specify:

_________________________

By which means do you travel TO/OFF campus the most frequently? (Including travel as a driver/passenger of)

⃝ Pedestrian

Please check if apply:

⃝ (Travel with) ancillary facilities (Including baby carriage, wheelchair or other handicap transportation facility)

⃝ Skateboarder

⃝ Jogger

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorcyclist (Including all kinds of motorized bi-wheel vehicles)

⃝ Private vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

(Please Specify):

⃝ UMD Shuttle bus

⃝ other bus system

⃝ Freight vehicle and other engineering vehicle driver

(Please specify) the vehicle belongs to:

⃝ UMD Facility Management or other UMD department

⃝ Other

⃝ Other (Please specify):

___________________________________

By which means do you travel ON campus (at any time in a day)? (Including travel as a driver/passenger of)

⃝ Pedestrian

Please check if apply:

⃝ (Travel with) ancillary facilities (Including baby carriage, wheelchair or other handicap transportation facility)

⃝ Skateboarder

⃝ Jogger

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorcyclist (Including all kinds of motorized bi-wheel vehicles)

⃝ Private vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

(Please Specify):

⃝ UMD Shuttle bus

⃝ other bus system

⃝ Freight vehicle and other engineering vehicle driver

(Please specify) the vehicle belongs to:

⃝ UMD Facility Management or other UMD department

⃝ Other

⃝ Other (Please specify):

___________________________________

During which time period(s) in the list below do you usually travel TO/OFF campus?

⃝ 06:00 – 07:00

⃝ 07:00 – 08:00

⃝ 08:00 – 09:00

⃝ 09:00 – 10:00

⃝ 10:00 – 11:00

⃝ 11:00 – 12:00

⃝ 12:00 – 13:00

⃝ 13:00 – 14:00

⃝ 14:00 – 15:00

⃝ 15:00 – 16:00

⃝ 16:00 – 17:00

⃝ 17:00 – 18:00

⃝ 18:00 – 19:00

⃝ 19:00 – 20:00

⃝ 20:00 – 21:00

⃝ 21:00 – 22:00

⃝ 22:00 – 23:00

⃝ 23:00 – 00:00

⃝ 00:00 – 05:00

⃝ 05:00 – 06:00

During which time period(s) in the list below do you usually travel TO/OFF campus?

⃝ 06:00 – 07:00

⃝ 07:00 – 08:00

⃝ 08:00 – 09:00

⃝ 09:00 – 10:00

⃝ 10:00 – 11:00

⃝ 11:00 – 12:00

⃝ 12:00 – 13:00

⃝ 13:00 – 14:00

⃝ 14:00 – 15:00

⃝ 15:00 – 16:00

⃝ 16:00 – 17:00

⃝ 17:00 – 18:00

⃝ 18:00 – 19:00

⃝ 19:00 – 20:00

⃝ 20:00 – 21:00

⃝ 21:00 – 22:00

⃝ 22:00 – 23:00

⃝ 23:00 – 00:00

⃝ 00:00 – 05:00

⃝ 05:00 – 06:00

During which time period(s) in the list below do you usually travel ON campus?

(Apply to pedestrian only), what do you consider the major obstacles to walking on campus? (Rank in priority, number 1 being the lowest and 6 being the highest)

⃝ Danger from vehicles

⃝ Inadequate infrastructure (i.e., missing sidewalk, missing zebra crossing, route problems, confusing signage…)

⃝ No straight routes

⃝ Conflicts with cyclists

⃝ Weather conditions

⃝ Hilly Topography

⃝ Other inconvenience (Please specify):____________________________________________

(Apply to cyclist only), what do you consider as the major obstacles to biking on campus? (Rank in priority, number 1 being the lowest and 5 or 6 being the highest)

⃝ Danger from vehicles

⃝ Inadequate infrastructure (i.e., poor road surfacing, lack of biking facilities, route problems, confusing signage…)

⃝ Conflicts with pedestrians

⃝ Weather conditions

⃝ Hilly Topography

⃝ Other inconvenience (Please specify):____________________________________________

(Apply to cyclist only), is your bike registered with either Campus Public Safety or the City of College Park?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

(Apply to cyclist only), do you wear a bicycle helmet?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

(For public transportation driver/passenger only), is there any obstacles to travel on campus? (If the answer is yes, please specify the obstacles and their location)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(For freight/engineering operating vehicle driver/passenger only), what’s your average frequency of driving a freight/engineering operating vehicle on campus?

⃝ Daily

⃝ Weekly

⃝ Bi-weekly

⃝ Monthly

⃝ Rarely

Which of the following do you think would improve the transportation environment on campus?

⃝ Improve roadway conditions

⃝ Construct new roadways to shorten the travel distance between two places on campus

⃝ Separate lanes on existing roadways for specific travel means

⃝ Provide new lanes or roads for specific travel means other than existing ones

⃝ Limit some sections of walkways to pedestrians only or dismount zones

⃝ Enforce existing traffic laws and regulations

⃝ Improve traffic facilities

⃝ More weather protected facilities for pedestrians, public transportation users and cyclists

⃝ Enhance the directionality of the roadway on campus (i.e. provide more signage and maps)

⃝ Other (Please specify):__________________________________________________________

Have you been involved in traffic accidents on campus?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

If yes, check all that apply:

I was a:

⃝ Pedestrian (of all ages and abilities) including skateboarder, jogger, etc.

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorist

(Please specify)

⃝ Motorcyclist

⃝ Car driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

⃝ Freight vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Operating engineering vehicle driver/passenger

The accident involved a:

⃝ Pedestrian (of all ages and abilities)

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorist

(Please specify)

⃝ Motorcyclist

⃝ Car driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

⃝ Freight vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Operating engineering vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Myself

Required:

⃝ Minimal medical attention

⃝ Emergency room treatment

⃝ Hospital admission

⃝ None of above

Was reported to:

⃝ Campus/Town, City Safety or Police Department

⃝ Other agencies (Please specify):___________________________________________

⃝ None of above

Cause of accident or other comments:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Do you know about the entries in the traffic law and regulations related to your specific transportation means to/on campus?

⃝ Yes, I know all of them

⃝ Yes, some of them

⃝ Not really

Continue above question, do you obey them?

⃝ Yes, always

⃝ Yes, most time

⃝ Some of them

⃝ Not really

Answer if apply: explain yourself (this may help to improve our transportation regulations):

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

*   *   *   *   *

[Questions need to be marked on map]

Please mark on the map:

[H] Where you live (if it’s not in the range of the map, skip this question)

[E] Intersection of roadway you used as entrance to campus (Answer if applicable)

[D] Your most frequent destinations

[X] Hazardous locations where accidents have occurred (if you have experienced as litigant or witness)

[P] (Answer if applicable) Mark the parking lot you use most frequently, please specify the issues you encountered if there is any.

[F] Locations where you think more bicycle parking facility is needed

[W] Locations where weather protected facilities would me most useful

Please draw a solid line on the route you traveled most frequently by your most frequently used travel means, and mark this particular travel means aside

Please draw a dashed line on the route you wish you could use as a better route to travel by your most frequently used travel means legally, and mark this particular travel mean aside (Answer if applicable)

02OCT12 Thesis Proposal Updated

Share the Road

A Tool Kit for University Campus Complete Streets: The case of The University of Maryland

Mingyu Cui, 3rd-year Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate

Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture

The University of Maryland, College Park | Fall 2012 – Spring 2013

Working Title:

Share the Road – A Tool Kit for University Campus Complete Streets: The case of The University of Maryland

Committee Members:

Dr. Byoung-Suk Kweon, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture (Committee Chair)

(List in alphabetical order below)

Dr. David Myers, ASLA, Associate Professor, Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture

Dr. Powell Draper, Associate Professor, the School of Architecture, Planting & Preservation

Mr. Jack Leonard, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, JGL Design Associates

Introduction

1st Part: Literature

In 2011, the 112th Congress House passed the Safe and Complete Streets Act (HR. 1780), which defines a complete street as “a roadway that safely accommodates all travelers, particularly public transit users, bicyclists, pedestrians (including individuals of all ages and individuals with mobility, sensory, neurological, or hidden disabilities), motorists and freight vehicles, to enable all travelers to use the roadway safely and efficiently”. Different from the movement promoting cycle lanes in recent years, this bill is intended to ensure the rights and safety of all roadway user groups once it is passed the Senate (S. 1056). Based on these legal provisions, and as a response to the Complete Streets movement, this paper will review the literature on the legislation, safety, public demand, and sustainability aspects of the need for urban roadway systems to accommodate multimodal traffic, especially in university campuses.

Through the review of the literature related to this topic, the written part intends to document whether our current traffic laws and regulations cover the daily behavior of all user groups of our roadway systems or whether laws and regulations that ensure the order and safety on our streets are missing. The campus of University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) serves as a case study. Using a survey of selected campus users, the paper documents their issues. The survey process and the analysis outcomes could provide a theoretical and statistical basis for the campus to become safer and multi-modal travel environment by the use of complete streets for its roadways. This part will explore the improvement of campus roadways to accommodate a variety of travel means currently used by the university community but not designed for, and discuss the benefits of implementing a complete streets policy for the campus roadway system based the analysis of the results of information from the survey. Furthermore, it provides several suggestions on sustainability aspects and addresses how our campus roadway system could provide its user groups with more sustainable travel choices. This part could also serve as investigation precedence for future discussion on roadway system improvements in university campuses that are considering the adoption of complete street facilities, policies, and principles.

2nd Part: Design

An investigation of the site, UMCP campus, will result in a master plan of campus current roadway facility situation. The follow-up desktop analysis will list out constrains and opportunities of the current roadway system, overlaid with the current transportation situation analysis in part 1, then divide the roadway into several different parts and categories according to the analysis results. The analysis will be focused on the transportation aspects.  The analysis will also serves as one of the references in the following toolkit design part. In other words, a set of toolkit will be developed, each one or subset will be correspondent to the current traffic situation and constrains of the roadway types in different categories. On the final stage, roadway facilities segments will be picked from the toolkit and put on the location corresponding to the current problems need to be solved, to form a draft master plan. The digital roadway model of this draft will be filled with virtual traffic and test in VISSIM (If the student trail is acquired before full board review, see schedule). The draft roadway improvement design will be revised based on the test results till it reaches the best performances. Then customized stormwater management facility designs will be applied to the master plan according to the topography of the site. The stormwater management designs will go through desktop checking calculations to meet the practical needs. The final result will be a master plan of integrated UMCP campus complete streets design, focused on both transportation and sustainability.

Methodology

  1. Literature review

The literature review will focus on the reason why do we need complete streets in our community. The need of complete streets will be dissected from three aspects: multimodal transportation, physical well-being, and sustainability.

  1. Precedent review

The goal of precedent review is to find out what positive effects do complete streets bring to the community. The precedent review will look into several proposed/built complete streets design, and summarize the benefits brought by these designs by comparing with the current/former roadway facilities.

  1. Survey

The current roadways deficiency on site will be mainly derived through questionnaires distribute to the current UMCP students and employees (faculty and staff). Statistics from campus planning and transportation departments will also serve as references to the design part.

  1. Traffic stimulation (Optional, depend on whether if the trail is acquired from PTV)

Traffic stimulation will be used for validating design efficiency. VISSIM will generate virtual traffic (cars, pedestrians, public transportation and railway transportation) on design model, therefore expose the efficiency of the design.

Description

Roadway system is an indispensable part of our communities. It provides physical connections among residents’ house, work places, schools and other community service facilities. The roadway system used to mainly serve travelling vehicles and took less care about other roadway user groups like pedestrians and public transportation users. The amazing efficiency and convenience brought by motor vehicles was overwhelming the environmental and physical impacts for the past decades. But recent years as the awakening of environment protection consciousness, and the development of a clearer definition of health, “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO), has lead the public to a new understanding of travel means. Community planners and designers start to care more about the walkability and service targets of community roadway system. As addressed by National Complete Streets Coalition, a movement is growing to complete the streets in communities across the country. States, cities and towns are asking their road networks to be safer, more livable, and welcoming to everyone.

Proposed Organization of Documents

  1. Introduction and Background
  2. Literature Review
    1. History of Roadway Development: Evolution of Multimodal Transportation

i.      Roadway serving targets

ii.      Roadway facilities

  1. Transportation’s Impacts on Human Well-being

i.      The reports of the National Association of Local Boards of Health

ii.      Statistics and researches from other sources

  1. Environmental Impacts of the Roadway System

i.      The impacts on local habitats

ii.      Environmental physical impacts

iii.      Current solutions and on-going improvements

  1. Complete Streets Movement and Sustainable Urbanism

i.      What is a complete street?

  1. Safe and Complete Streets Act of 2011
  2. Related American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ (AASHTO) Guides
  3. National Complete Streets Coalition

ii.      How does complete streets movement meet the demand of sustainable urbanism?

  1. Case Study
    1. San Francisco, California
    2. Portland, Oregon
    3. Chicago, Illinois
    4. Summary: What elements are there in complete streets?
    5. Site Inventory: Campus of the University of Maryland, College Park
      1. Current Physical Situation

i.      Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Inventory

ii.      Purple Line proposal

  1. Survey

i.      Questionnaire

ii.      Analysis of questionnaire results

  1. Opportunities and Constrains
  2. Roadway Categories

i.      Driveways

  1. Class I
  2. Class II
  3. Class III

ii.      Avenues

  1. Class I
  2. Class II
  3. Class III

iii.      Bike Paths

  1. Class I
  2. Class II
  3. Class III

iv.      Pedestrian Paths

  1. Class I
  2. Class II
  3. Campus Complete Streets Toolkit
    1. Sustainable Roadway Facilities
    2. Campus Complete Streets Master Plan
    3. Conclusion
    4. Appendix
    5. Bibliography

Schedule

(See 04SEPT12 Schedule v1.1)

04SEPT12 Questionnaire Beta

This questionnaire is to gather information about transportation situation on campus. Please offer some help to improve our campus community. By any means you travel on campus, your comments are helpful.

Are you an:

⃝ Undergraduate

⃝ Graduate Student

⃝ Faculty

⃝ Staff

By which means do you travel to/on campus? (Including travel as a driver of)

⃝ Pedestrian

Please check if apply:

⃝ (Travel with) ancillary facilities (Including baby carriage, wheelchair or other handicap transportation facility)

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorcyclist (Including all kinds of motorized bi-wheel vehicles)

⃝ Private vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

(Please Specify):

⃝ UMD Shuttle bus

⃝ other bus system

⃝ Freight vehicle and other engineering vehicle driver

(Please specify) the vehicle belongs to:

⃝ UMD Facility Management or other UMD department

⃝ Other

⃝ Other (Please specify):

___________________________________

If you checked more than one item in the above question, in which occasion do you apply a specific travel means?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(Apply to pedestrian only), what do you consider the major obstacles to walking on campus? (Rank in priority, number 1 being the lowest and 6 being the highest)

⃝ Danger from vehicles

⃝ Inadequate infrastructure (i.e., missing sidewalk, missing zebra crossing, route problems, confusing signage…)

⃝ Conflicts with cyclists

⃝ Weather conditions

⃝ Hilly Topography

⃝ Other inconvenience (Please specify):____________________________________________

(Apply to cyclist only), what do you consider the major obstacles to biking on campus? (Rank in priority, number 1 being the lowest and 6 being the highest)

⃝ Danger from vehicles

⃝ Inadequate infrastructure (i.e., poor road surfacing, lack of biking facilities, route problems, confusing signage…)

⃝ Conflicts with pedestrians

⃝ Weather conditions

⃝ Hilly Topography

⃝ Other inconvenience (Please specify):____________________________________________

(Apply to cyclist only), is your bike registered with either Campus Public Safety or the City of College Park?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

(Apply to cyclist only), do you wear a bicycle helmet?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

(For public transportation driver/passenger only), is there any obstacles to travel on campus?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(For freight/engineering operating vehicle driver/passenger only), what’s your average frequency of driving a freight/engineering operating vehicle on campus?

⃝ Daily

⃝ Weekly

⃝ Bi-weekly

⃝ Monthly

⃝ Rarely

Which of the following do you think would improve the transportation environment on campus?

⃝ Improve roadway conditions

⃝ Separate lanes on existing roadways for specific travel means

⃝ Provide new lanes or roads for specific travel means other than existing ones

⃝ Limit some sections of walkways to pedestrians only or dismount zones

⃝ Enforce existing traffic laws and regulations

⃝ Improve traffic facilities

⃝ More weather protected facilities for pedestrians, public transportation users and cyclists

⃝ Enhance the directionality of the roadway on campus (i.e. provide more signage and maps)

⃝ Construct new roadways to shorten the travel distance between two places on campus

Have you been involved in traffic accidents?

⃝ Yes

⃝ No

If yes, check all that apply:

I was a:

⃝ Pedestrian (of all ages and abilities)

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorist

(Please specify)

⃝ Motorcyclist

⃝ Car driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

⃝ Freight vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Operating engineering vehicle driver/passenger

The accident involved a:

⃝ Pedestrian (of all ages and abilities)

⃝ Cyclist

⃝ Motorist

(Please specify)

⃝ Motorcyclist

⃝ Car driver/passenger

⃝ Public transportation driver/passenger

⃝ Freight vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Operating engineering vehicle driver/passenger

⃝ Myself

Required:

⃝ Minimal medical attention

⃝ Emergency room treatment

⃝ Hospital admission

Was reported to:

⃝ Campus/Town, City Safety or Police Department

Cause of accident or other comments:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Do you know about the entries in the traffic law and regulations related to your specific transportation means to/on campus?

⃝ Yes, I know all of them

⃝ Yes, some of them

⃝ Not really

Continue above question, do you obey them?

⃝ Yes, always

⃝ Yes, most time

⃝ Some of them

⃝ Not really

Answer if apply: explain yourself (this may help to improve our transportation regulations):

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

*   *   *   *   *

[Questions need to be marked on map]

Please mark on the map:

[R] Where you live (if it’s not in the range of the map, skip this question)

[E] Intersection of roadway you used as entrance to campus (Answer if applicable)

[D] Your most frequent destinations

[X] Hazardous locations where accidents have occurred (if you have experienced as litigant or witness)

[W] Locations where weather protected facilities would me most useful

Please draw a solid line on the route you traveled most frequently by your most frequently used travel means, and mark this particular travel means aside

Please draw a dashed line on the route you consider as a better (proposed) route by your most frequently used travel means, and mark this particular travel means aside (Answer if applicable)

04SEPT12 Thesis Proposal

Share the Road

A Tool Kit for Complete Streets: The case of The University of Maryland

Working Title:

Share the Road – A Tool Kit for Complete Streets: The case of The University of Maryland

Committee Member:

Dr. Byoung-Suk Kweon, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture

Dr. David Myers, ASLA, Associate Professor, Dept. of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture

[Dr. Powell Draper, Associate Professor, The School of Architecture, Planting & Preservation]

Abstract:

In 2011, the 112th Congress House passed Safe and Complete Streets Act (HR. 1780), which defines complete streets as “safely accommodates all travelers, particularly public transit users, bicyclists, pedestrians (including individuals of all ages and individuals with mobility, sensory, neurological, or hidden disabilities), motorists, and freight vehicle operators; and enables all travelers to use the roadway safely and efficiently”. This proposed act will ensure the rights of all roadway users once it’s passed by the Senate (S. 1056).

Based on these legal provisions, and also as a response to the Complete Street movement, this thesis will look at the improvement of the roadway system in University of Maryland, College Park. It will start with a review on writing materials on American roadway design standards and guides, and complete streets proposals and some of the policies enacted by jurisdictions lower than federal level.  Then it will study several cases of constructed examples and completed proposals as precedence. From a planning scope, the design will be composed with collected data and facts. Based on the analysis of questionnaire survey results, some factors other than transportation, like physical constrains, roadway storm water runoff and aesthetic outcome, etc., will be taken into consideration during the following design. Finally this thesis will develop a set of tool kits for future campus roadway improvements design towards complete streets.

Key Words:

Complete streets, campus roadway system, campus roadway facility, campus roadway design tool kit, shared road, transportation improvement.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1   Research Scope

Chapter 2   Background: Legislative and Practical

Chapter 3   Literature Review

[Include related Acts, publications and AASHTO Guides]

Chapter 4   Case Study

San Francisco: Find one university here

Portland, Oregon:  Find one university here

Chicago, Illinois: Find one university here

Chapter 5   Towards A Better University Community: The Case of University of Maryland

Introduction

Current Situation

Options

Master Plan

Appendix (Including survey results and analysis)

Chapter 6   Complete Streets Tool Kit for University Campus

Chapter 7   Conclusion

Chapter 8   Appendix

Bibliography

Schedule

Bibliography

[1] http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/s1056